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Bitterley C of E  Primary School

Eastnor Parochial Primary School

Inspire and Achieve. ‘Do Everything in Love’ (1 Corinthians 16:14)

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Understanding Assessment

How do we use Assessment?

There are 3 main forms of assessment in schools:


  • day-to-day formative assessment – to inform teaching on an ongoing basis
  • in-school summative assessment – to understand pupil performance at the end of a period of teaching. At Welton we use PIRA and PUMA tests to contribute to teacher assessment summative judgments. 
  • statutory summative assessment – to understand pupil performance in relation to national expectations and comparisons


Statutory Assessments 

Statutory assessment – by which we mean the summative assessment, required by the government - takes place at the end of a period of study, either through externally-set tests, or through teacher assessment.


There are currently statutory assessments at the end of reception, key stage 1 and key stage 2. There is also a statutory phonics screening check in year 1 and a multiplication check in year 4.  


Assessment at the End of Reception

The statutory EYFS framework requires the EYFS profile assessment to be carried out in the final term of the year in which a child reaches age 5, and no later than 30 June in that term. The class

teachers and teaching partners are expected to use their professional judgement to make these assessments, based on their knowledge and understanding of what the child knows, understands, and can do.


Summative: assessment is based on a holistic view of what the child can demonstrate against each Early Learning Goals at the end of the reception year


Key stage 1 assessments

Statutory KS1 assessments includes the:

  • end of KS1 assessments 
  • phonics screening 

Teachers must make their teacher assessment judgements using the:

  • Teacher assessment frameworks in English reading, English writing, mathematics and science – for pupils who have completed the KS1 programmes of study and are working at the standard of national curriculum assessments

Teachers must administer the English reading and mathematics tests to help make a secure judgement for their final TA at the end of KS1. The tests make up one piece of evidence for the overall TA judgement. 

Key Stage 2 assessments 

Statutory KS2 assessments includes: 

  • the year 4 multiplication tables check
  • the end of KS2 assessments (including tests and teacher assessment)